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  • Writer's pictureAarushi Govil

A Complete Guide to the City of Mughal Marvels, Agra

Agra, a city in northern Uttar Pradesh has been the aristocratic residence of Mughals for many centuries. It is a city full of historical monuments, heritage, and architectural spectacles. Agra is dotted with square Persian styled gardens and magnificent structural design. Along with Delhi and Jaipur, it forms the golden tourism triangle of India and has been monumental in shaping Indian history. A visit to this majestic city is bound to feel like a roller coaster ride filled with anecdotes and legends of the bygone era, while the awe-striking monuments perfectly portray the glory of the mighty Mughal Empire. Agra is a perfect blend of modern and contemporary, while the beautiful establishments recite the grandeur of the past, the city is fully equipped with luxurious and state-of-the-art services for its visitors. While strolling through the bustling roads of this sumptuous city, you would discover that Agra is a place full of many hidden gems, and is not just confined to the colossal Mughal Architecture which makes it popular across the globe.

How To Reach Agra:

If you're wondering how to reach Agra, don't worry, we've got you covered.

  1. It is a highly commercialized city, has an airport which is situated at a distance of about 12.5 km from the main city, and 2 main railway stations as well.

  2. It is well connected with all the major cities of Northern India, and luxury trains like Palace on Wheels and Royal Rajasthan also have a stoppage in this city.

  3. It is connected to the national capital Delhi via NH2 and with Jaipur via NH11. It also has ample bus stops and is connected to many cities via the bus route.

Must-Visit Destinations :

If you are planning to visit the beautiful city of Agra, here are some of the places which should definitely not be skipped on your travel itinerary!

1. The Taj Mahal

Agra is best known for the Taj Mahal, one of the most exquisite and bewitching spectacles of the world. No matter how many times you’ve been there, its intricate carvings and intoxicating beauty will always leave you mesmerized. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and rightly so. With gemstones adorning its walls, intricate inlay work ornamenting its gables, and a strikingly symmetrical structure, the Taj is undoubtedly one of the finest edifices of Mughal architecture. This astonishing structure is unquestionably one of the best creations of the Mughal era, and what makes it even more extraordinary is the fact that it looks completely different at various times of the day. During the golden hours of dusk and dawn, it exhibits an elegant light pink shade, a dazzling white during the daytime, and a mesmerizing golden hue in the moonlight. Made entirely out of white marble, the majestic monument is a symbol of eternal love, and the mere sight of it is bound to leave you in poetic awe. The mighty Taj has also been referred to as a 'teardrop on the cheek of eternity', and with its intricate details, lustrous marble, and a structure tessellated with countless gems, it truly lives up to this lyrical expression.

Even though Taj is undoubtedly one of the most impressive creations in the history of mankind, it is only one of the many memorable experiences that Agra has to offer. There are multiple other places that would take you to a journey of the past and would make you feel astonished and stupefied. Agra was a capital of the Mughal Empire for centuries and carries countless unheard tales and mysterious fables of the past to dwell upon.

For more material to read on and understand the magnificent Taj, read Urban Travel Blog's piece on The Taj Mahal and its beauty.

Read SandeepaChetan's blog on photography tips for capturing the Taj for some great tips that you can use to take home memorable pictures of your trip to Agra.

2. Fatehpur Sikri

Located to the west of Agra and displaying excellent craftsmanship and compositional skills, is the stunning city of Fatehpur Sikri. This was one of the first cities to be fortified, and its walls contain numerous tacit and unheard historic secrets, waiting to be unraveled and deduced. There are many different buildings within the complex, each with their own significance. The style of architecture is strongly Islamic, with hints of Gujrati and Rajasthani styles peeking in here and there. The striking red sandstone is what gives this city a fascinating hue during the sunset, and is the primary material used to build this magnificent establishment. The city came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri, the "City of Victory", after Akbar's triumphant Gujarat campaign in 1573. This place comprises of a stunning mosque, and three palaces, one for each of his favorite wives – one a Hindu, one a Muslim and one a Christian. The grandeur of this deserted city cannot be explained in mere words, and the rich aura can only be experienced when you set foot in this imperial metropolis.

3. The Tomb Of Salim Chishti

The Tomb of Salim Chishti is also termed as one of the most exquisite examples of Mughal architecture in India, built along with the imperial complex at Fatehpur Sikri. It preserves the burial place of the Sufi saint, Salim Chisi, who was worshipped and respected a lot by the people of his era. The main tomb building is encircled by delicate marble screens, and the tomb is located in the center of the main hall, which has a single semi-circular dome. The pedestal is ornamented with mosaics of black and yellow marble carved in geometric patterns. The door to the main chamber is intricately carved with Arabian patterns and bears inscriptions from the Quran. The carved and painted tomb chamber has a white marble floor, which is ornamented with multicolored stones. Many people believed that Salim Chishti could do wonders, and it is believed that he was the one who blessed Akbar, and soon the first of three sons was born to him.

4. The Agra Fort

Apart from these two Mughal spectacles, Agra is also home to the legendary Agra Fort, also known as the Lal Quila of Agra. Made completely of red sandstone, the enormous area it encompasses has also given it the title of an entire city in itself. The fort, when observed from above, has a semicircular shape, and its base faces the bank of the stunning river Yamuna. It is enclosed by a huge wall of red sandstone, which is about 2 kilometers in perimeter and is ornamented with graceful curves and patterns. The walls of the fort are a massive seventy feet high, making it an extremely difficult fortress to break into. What gives this fort a different and unique look is the assimilation of various traditions which can evidently be seen in the multiple buildings within this fortified complex.

5. The Tomb of Itimad-ub-Daulah

Often referred to as the ‘Baby Taj Mahal’, the tomb of Itimad-up-Daulah is a Mughal mausoleum and often regarded as a copy of the Taj Mahal. Visiting this place is like exploring the deep-rooted and rich culture of Agra. With its arched entrances and octagon-shaped towers, this spectacular monument on the banks on river Yamuna is truly a hidden gem of Agra. The exquisitely carved floral patterns, intricate marble-screen work, and inlay work are all representative of the excellence of Islamic architecture.

6. Akbar's Tomb

Another Mughal marvel worth visiting on the outskirts of Agra is the tomb of Emperor Akbar. The exalted sandstone and marble edifice had been started by Akbar himself and had been completed by his son Jahangir. The majestic creation faces the sun and is constructed in typical style and symmetry of various monuments during the Mughal era, with a blend of Rajputana and Gothic styles of architecture. Enclosed with a large wall, the structure has four minarets like the Taj Mahal and is a sublime example of Mughal architectural beauty.

The Mouthwatering Cuisine Of Agra

Apart from the various monuments and structural creations that the city houses, Agra is also known for its wholesome and mouthwatering cuisine, and the food here is bound to entice you with its delightful flavors and delicious taste.

  1. People who have a sweet tooth would be thrilled to know that one of the most famous dishes of the city is a sweet delight called 'Petha', which is available in various variants and tastes absolutely wonderful.

  2. For people who prefer spicy and savory dishes, one thing which you have to try is the Dalmoth, which is a crunchy and flavourful namkeen (snack) which would definitely have your tastebuds dancing with joy.

  3. A city that is marked with so many monuments of the Mughal Era, it is an unsaid fact that the kitchens here have incorporated Mughai styles of cooking as well.

  4. Flavorful parathas and meat delicacies are bound to fascinate anybody who takes a bite. Some of the other famous dishes include Tandoori Chicken, Paneer Tikka, Bedhmi Poori and Kachoris, and shawarma.

You can find these food items at almost any nook and cranny of the city and would be amazed at how it tastes just as amazing. Read Cheerful Trails' blog on Agra food to know more about dishes to try in the city!

Agra is one of the most visited places of the country, owing to its rich culture and heritage, and is the only city in the world which houses three UNESCO World Heritage Monuments. If you are planning a trip to Northern India, Agra is one such place which shouldn't skip your travel itinerary at any cost.

To read more about traveling in Agra, food in Agra, places to visit in the city, and the various activities to partake in, check out That Backpacker's blog on spending 3 days in Agra.

Check out our experiences page for some cool ideas and for planning your post-COVID trip with The Tarzan Way!

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